The Italian architect and painter Donato Bramante (1444-1514) was the first High Renaissance architect.
In the church Santa Maria presso San Satiro in Milan, Bramante used a perspective painting to make it look bigger than it actually is. This was one of the “first examples of trompe l’oeil in history of art.”
In Tempietto di San Pietro in Montorio in Rome, a masterpiece of High Renaissance architecture built as a sanctuary that allegedly marked the spot where Peter was crucified, Bramante gave the emphasis on the harmony of proportions and the simplicity of volumes (cylinder, hemisphere) and transformed the classical style of the 15th century into a grave and monumental manner.
Under Pope Julius II, Bramante’s talents began to obtain adequate sphere of exercise. His first large work was to unite the straggling buildings of the palace and the Belvedere in Vatican City. To create a sequence of…
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